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Rovinj (Istriot: Ruvčigno or Ruveîgno; Italian: Rovigno) is a city in Croatia situated on the north Adriatic Sea with a population of 13,562 (2007).[2] It is located on the western coast of the Istrian peninsula and is a popular tourist resort and an active fishing port.Istriot, a Romance language once widely spoken in this part of Istria, is still spoken by part of the residents (also called Rovignese by those who speak it here). There is a centre of History Research which is an institution of the Council of Europe.

Geography

Rovinj is one of nine towns in Istrian County. The climate is Mediterranean. The average temperature is 4.8 °C (40.6 °F) in January and 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) in July. The average annual temperature is 16 °C (60.8 °F). Sea temperature is more than 20 °C (68 °F) from the middle of June to the middle of September. The average annual sea temperature is 16.6 °C (61.9 °F).

From the middle of May to the middle of September the sun shines more than 10 hours a day. The rainfall averages 941 mm a year. The average humidity is 72%. Vegetation is subtropical.

Originally the peninsula on which the city lies was an island, separated from the mainland by a channel. The latter was filled in 1763. Rovinj Archipelago includes 22 islets.

History

Rovinj was already a settlement of Illyrian tribes before being captured by the Romans, who called it Arupinium or Mons Rubineus, and later Ruginium and Ruvinium. Built on an island close to the coast, it was connected with the mainland in 1763 by filling in the channel.[3]

It became part of the Byzantine empire, then in the sixth century part of the Exarchate of Ravenna and in 788 part of the Frankishempire. Then it came under the rule of different feudal lords during several centuries. From 1209 it was ruled by the Aquileian patriarch.

It was from 1283 to 1797 one of the most important towns of Istria under the Republic of Venice. The city was fortified by two rows of walls with three town gates. The remaining town walls date from this period. Close to the pier one can find the old town gate Balbi's Arch, dating from 1680, and a late-Renaissance clock tower. The city got its statutes in 1531.

After the fall of Venice and the Napoleonic parenthesis, Rovinj was part of the Austrian Empire until World War I. According to the last Austrian census in 1911, 97,8% of the population was Italian speaking. Then it belonged to Italy from 1918 to 1947, when it was ceded to SR Croatia within SFR Yugoslavia. During that period much of the Italian inhabitants left the city.

Population

There are around 15,000 people living in Rovinj. 76.31% are Croats, with around 11,500 citizens. Ethnic minorities include 2,400Italians (16%), Serbs (3.51%), Albanians (2.37%) and Bosniaks (1.81%).

City government

The City Assembly is composed of 19 representatives, coming from the following political parties:

Entertainment and Nightlife

The local entertainment hub is Monvi, a multimedia centre that includes a night club, an open-air theatre, a number of disco bars, a Mexican restaurant and a pizzeria. It is very popular with locals that travel from neighbouring towns and cities to sample some of its entertainment offerings. Monvi regularly hosts concerts and events with big names from the Croatian popular music scene or international house and techno DJs. Outside of Monvi, nightlife is primarily relegated to coffee bars or local pub-type bars. In the summer months, the city is buzzing with young people although it becomes quiet in the winter, with most bars closing early and Monvi centre being open only on certain weekends.

The busiest area is the very centre of Rovinj, extending from the main bus station toward the old part of town. It is where most bars are located and where locals hang out. Popular bars among young locals are La Tabacheina, Buzz and Sax, the latter sharing an extensive open air terrace on the waterfront with a number of surrounding bars overlooking the pier that in the Summer evenings becomes one of the busiest places in town.

Rovinj's waterfront, called Riva, runs alongside the Adriatic sea bay largely parallel to Carrera street. It is lined with ice cream parlors, bars and restaurants.

Every August, Rovinj hosts Grisia, a popular open air art fair wherein local and international artists exhibit their work on the cobbled streets of Grisia.

Also in August, usually on the last weekend, the city hosts Rovinj Night, a popular open air Summer celebration with local food offerings, beverage and sweet stands, live music over multiple stages and a large fireworks display at midnight.

Shopping

The main thoroughfare is Carrera, located in the centre of downtown. The street is lined with shops, boutiques and bars. The street has recently been fully pedestrianised. In the old city centre and in the centre of Rovinj around Carrera there are plenty of different shops, boutiques, jeweller's shops, souvenir shops and art galleries. A new shopping center is being built nearby city of Pore?Histria Mall, and is expected to be finished by the end of year 2010.

The city has a food market open year-round, located at the edges of the historic part of town near Valdibora square.

Rovinj is also home to a number of big box retailers, namely LidlPlodine and Valalta.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rovinj